How To Save a Decayed Tooth?

To save a decayed tooth, it’s essential to understand the stages of tooth decay and the available treatments. Here’s a breakdown:

1. Initial Demineralization (Stage 1): The outer layer of your teeth, called enamel, begins to lose minerals due to acids produced by plaque bacteria. You may notice a white spot on a tooth at this stage. To prevent further damage, maintain good oral hygiene and consider fluoride treatments.

2.Enamel Decay (Stage 2): If the decay continues, the enamel breaks down further, and the white spot darkens to a brownish color. Small holes (cavities) can form. Dentists typically fill cavities to restore the tooth’s structure.

3.Dentin Decay (Stage 3): Dentin lies under the enamel and is softer. Tooth decay progresses faster when it reaches the dentin. Sensitivity to hot or cold foods/drinks may occur. Dental fillings are commonly used to treat cavities at this stage.

4.Pulp Damage (Stage 4): The innermost layer of the tooth, called the pulp, contains nerves and blood vessels. When the pulp is damaged, it swells and may cause pain. Root canal treatment may be necessary to save the tooth.

5.Advanced Decay (Stage 5): If left untreated, decay can lead to dental abscesses or tooth loss. In severe cases, extraction may be the only option.

Treatment Options:
•Dental Fillings: Used for small cavities, dental fillings restore the tooth’s structure by filling the cavity with materials like composite resin.
•Dental Crowns: For more extensive decay, a crown (cap) covers the entire visible portion of the tooth, protecting it and restoring its strength and appearance.
•Root Canal Treatment: If the pulp is affected, a root canal removes the infected tissue, preserving the tooth.
•Fluoride Treatments: Dentists may prescribe fluoride mouthwash or varnish to reverse early tooth decay.